See also Schoettgen. Hebrews 4:10, KJV: "For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his." For we which have believed do enter into rest - The great spiritual blessings, the forerunners of eternal glory, which were all typified by that earthly rest or felicity promised to the ancient Israelites, we Christians do, by believing in Christ Jesus, actually possess. Draw Near to the Throne of Grace with Confidence. "The word of God, which promises to the faithful, an entrance into God's rest in David's time, and now to us, is not a thing which died or was forgotten as soon as it was uttered, but it continues one and the same to all generations; it is ζων, quick or living. —Rather, for we have had glad tidings preached unto us, even as they had. Romans 14:12; : So then every one of us λογον δωσει, shall give an account of himself to God. Proud member For unto us was the Gospel preached - Και γαρ εσμεν ευηγγελισμενοι· For we also have received good tidings as well as they. Be not slothful to go, and to enter to possess the land; for God hath given it into your hands; a place where there is no want of any thing that is in the earth; Judges 18:9, Judges 18:10. There is an allusion here to the high priest going into the holy of holies on the great day of atonement. Read Hebrews 4 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. People should take pains to enter that rest because it is yet available. The ground of the mistake is in the misinterpretation of that word ‘remaineth’; which is taken to point to the ‘rest,’ after the sorrows of this life are all done with. (1-2) The warning is repeated: don’t miss God’s rest. Hallelujah! God is still resting, Hebrews 4:6,11. Hebrews 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. See also Isaiah 40:4; Ephesians 6:17; Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:16. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace - The allusion to the high priest, and his office on the day of atonement, is here kept up. Should seem to come short of it - Lest any of us should actually come short of it; i.e. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. They must have known that the יהושע Yehoshua of the Hebrew, which we write Joshua, is everywhere rendered Ιησους, Jesus, by the Septuagint; and it is their reading which the apostle follows. Study Hebrews 4 using B. W. Johnson’s Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. To whom a worde to us, is the rendering of my old MS. and Wiclif. “God’s ceasing from his works of creation is called his resting from all his works, because, according to our way of … If this idea be admitted, the meaning of the last clause in this verse will be, 'That the word of God is a judge, to censure and punish the evil thoughts and intents of the heart.' In all these respects he was different from us; and cannot, as man, sympathize with us in any feelings of this kind: but, as God, he has provided support for the body under all its trials and infirmities, and for the soul he has provided an atonement and purifying sacrifice; so that he cleanses the heart from all unrighteousness, and fills the soul with his Holy Spirit, and makes it his own temple and continual habitation. Hebrews 4:1 Commentaries: Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. That he is greater than Aaron, and all high priests. So, even at the throne of grace, or great propitiatory, no help can be expected where there is no cry, and where there is no cry there is no felt necessity; for he that feels he is perishing will cry aloud for help, and to such a cry the compassionate High Priest will run; and the time of need is the time in which God will show mercy; nor will he ever delay it when it is necessary. Reader, watch and be sober. John Piper Nov 18, 1990 4 Shares Sermon. "Commentary on Hebrews 4:4". What the apostle had said before, relative to the rest, might be considered as an allegory; here he explains and applies that allegory, showing that Canaan was a type of the grand privileges of the Gospel of Christ, and of the glorious eternity to which they lead. For the word of God is quick, and powerful - Commentators are greatly divided concerning the meaning of the phrase Ὁ λογος τον Θεου, the word of God; some supposing the whole of Divine revelation to be intended; others, the doctrine of the Gospel faithfully preached; others, the mind of God or the Divine intellect; and others, the Lord Jesus Christ, who is thus denominated in John 1:1, etc., and Revelation 19:13; the only places in which he is thus incontestably characterized in the New Testament. That this high priest is Jesus, the Son of God; not a son or descendant of Aaron, nor coming in that way, but in a more transcendent line. They had a gracious promise of entering into an earthly rest; we have a gracious promise of entering into a heavenly rest. But perhaps the meaning of the latter clause may rather be: 'It can divide the joints and divide the marrow; i.e. Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 4 and more! Moses and the elders spoke the word of God plainly and forcibly to them: Christ and his apostles have done the same to us. The greatest gift a human being can be given is to hear this message, the Gospel Message, because around it our belief system is to be conformed. There are two words in this chapter which we indifferently translate rest, καταπαυσις and σαββατισμος· he first signifying a cessation from labor, so that the weary body is rested and refreshed; the second meaning, not only a rest from labor, but a religious rest; sabbatismus, a rest of a sacred kind, of which both soul and body partake. It is an instrument the most apt for the accomplishing of its work; but it will do nothing, can do nothing, but as used by the heavenly workman. He well knew how to construct his word, so as to suit it to the state of all hearts; and he has given it that infinite fullness of meaning, so as to suit it to all cases. To run well, and yet to permit the devil, the world, or the flesh, to hinder in the few last steps! "Piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit. It remaineth that some must enter therein - Why our translators put in the word must here I cannot even conjecture. Aaron and his successors could only pass into the holy of holies, and that once a year; but our High Priest has passed into the heavens, of which that was only the type. But instead of attending to the word of the Lord by Moses, the whole congregation murmured against him and Aaron, and said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt; Numbers 14:2, Numbers 14:4. And Hebrews 13:17; : They watch for your souls, ὡς λογον αποδωσοντες, as those who must give account. And yet his works have been finished since the creation of the world. The writer evidently introduced the idea of God resting on the seventh day (cf. And sharper than any two-edged sword; τομωτερος ὑπερ, more cutting than. All the expressions in this view will receive an additional force, for nothing is more quick and living, more powerful and irresistible, sharp and piercing, than lightning. The reason why they were not brought into the rest promised to them, Hebrews 4:2. How to enter God’s rest. We have peace of conscience, and joy in the Holy Ghost; are saved from the guilt and power of sin; and thus enjoy an inward rest. Many exhortations they had to the following effect: Arise, that we may go up against them; for we have seen the land, and, behold, it is very good: and are ye still? Of whom we speake, is the version of our other early translators. And this brings the matter home to the exhortation with which our author began, Hebrews 3:12, Hebrews 3:13; for under whatever disguise they might conceal themselves, yet, from such tremendous judgments as God executed upon their fathers, they might learn to judge as Moses did, Numbers 32:23; : If ye will not do so, ye have sinned against the Lord; and be sure your sin will find you out." The superior *apostle 3:1-4:13. Believe, love, obey, and ye shall enter into this rest. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The Word of God is the Christian’s source of spiritual growth ( 1 Peter 2:2 and 1 Corinthians 2:1-5 ). (ii) In Hebrews 4:1 the writer to the Hebrews bids his people beware lest they miss the promise. The phrase התאה ושבת עלאה שבת shabbath illaah, veshabbath tethaah, the sabbath above, and the sabbath below, is common among the Jewish writers; and they think that where the plural number is used, as in Leviticus 19:30; : Ye shall keep my Sabbaths, that the lower and higher sabbaths are intended, and that the one is prefigured by the other. The Word of God can probe us like a surgeon’s expert scalpel, cutting away what needs to be cut and keeping what needs to be kept (Hebrews 4:12). Piercing — Quite through, and laying open. He has not been able to find more than two texts which even appeared to look his way. See on Hebrews 3:1; (note), to which this verse seems immediately to refer. Neither is there any creature that is not manifest - God, from whom this word comes, and by whom it has all its efficacy, is infinitely wise. He rests from all these works of the law as fully as God has rested from his works of creation. To help in time of need - Εις ευκαιρον βοηθειαν· For a seasonable support; that is, support when necessary, and as necessary, and in due proportion to the necessity. Day here seems to have the same meaning as rest in some other parts of this verse. As Jesus Christ tasted death for every man, so every man may go to that propitiatory, and take the mercy that is suited to his degree of guilt. The meaning appears to be this: We Jews, who have believed in Christ, do actually possess that rest-state of happiness in God, produced by peace of conscience and joy in the Holy Ghost - which was typified by the happiness and comfort to be enjoyed by the believing Hebrews, in the possession of the promised land. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Here, nothing is to be feared, provided the heart be right with God, truly sincere, and trusting alone in the sacrificial blood. For he spake in a certain place - This certain place or somewhere, που, is probably Genesis 2:2; and refers to the completion of the work of creation, and the setting apart the seventh day as a day of rest for man, and a type of everlasting felicity. See 2 Corinthians 10:4; 1 Thessalonians 2:13. Will it avail any of us how near we get to heaven, if the door be shut before we arrive? It is Joshua in Coverdale's Testament, 1535; in Tindal's 1548; in that edited by Edmund Becke, 1549; in Richard Cardmarden's, Rouen, 1565; several modern translators, Wesley, Macknight, Wakefield, etc., read Joshua, as does our own in the margin. It celebrates the birth of the baby Jesus. 2 For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did … The second is, Acts 20:32; : I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace; where nothing but the gracious doctrine of salvation by faith, the influence of the Divine Spirit, etc., etc., can be meant: nor is there any legitimate mode of construction with which I am acquainted, by which the words in either place can be personally applied to our Lord. See the note on the verb δοκειν, to seem, Luke 8:18; (note). See before. And instead of εισερχομεθα γαρ, for we do enter, AC, several others, with the Vulgate and Coptic, read εισερχωμεθα ουν, therefore let us enter; and thus it answers to φωβηθωμεν ουν, therefore let us fear, Hebrews 4:1; but this reading cannot well stand unless οι πιστευσαντες be omitted, which is acknowledged to be genuine by every MS. and version of note and importance. Christmas is the Festival of the Incarnation. Scripture: Hebrews 4:14–5:3. The rest promised to the Hebrews was a type of that promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:3-10. Hebrews 4:10, ESV: "for whoever has entered God’s rest has also rested from his works as God did from his." Therefore, while the promise of entering His rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be deemed to have fallen short of it. He entered through the second veil into the holy of holies, where was the symbol of the majesty of God. In the Old Testament, faith is rarely mentioned. Now, supposing that even all this was true, yet it does not exist either positively or by implication in the text. 4 Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. What a pity it had not been in the text, as all the smaller Bibles have no marginal readings, and many simple people are bewildered with the expression. "And this mode of speech is exactly conformable to that of the Prophet Isaiah, Isaiah 55:10, Isaiah 55:11, where to the word of God, spoken by his prophets, the same kind of powers are attributed as those mentioned here by the apostle: For as the rain cometh down and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater; so shall my Word Be that Goeth Forth Out of My Mouth: it shall not return unto me void; but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. To this is the reference in the next verse. Hebrews 4:12-13. Sharper than any two-edged sword — Penetrating the heart more than this does the body. It has been supposed that the phraseology here is sacrificial, the apostle referring to the case, of slaying and preparing a victim to be offered to God. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. God rested on the seventh day from all his works (of creation). All these are reasons why we should persevere. The words κατα παντα καθ 'ὁμοιοτητα might be translated, in all points according to the likeness, i.e. Hebrews 4:3) because it illustrates the fact that rest follows work. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. These parts left out, the discourse runs on with perfect connection. Some have thought that by the expression before us is implied that the word of God is able to bring death, as in the case of Ananias and Sapphira; for, say they, if the soul and spirit, or the joints and marrow are separated one from another, it is impossible that life can remain. 2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. That this exhortation of the apostle may not be lost on us, let us consider: -. Calmet, who had read all that either the ancients or moderns have said on this subject, and who does not think that Jesus Christ is here intended, speaks thus: "None of the properties mentioned here can be denied to the Son of God, the eternal Word; he sees all things, knows all things, penetrates all things, and can do all things. xxv. But as Joshua, the captain general of Israel, is above intended, the word should have been written Joshua, and not Jesus. Hebrews 4 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries Enter ( 1525 )( eiserchomai from eis = into + erchomai = come) means come into. That calling thus we shall infallibly get what we want; for in Christ Jesus, as a sacrificial offering, God is ever well pleased; and he is also well pleased with all who take refuge in the atonement which he has made. Every genuine minister of the Gospel has witnessed such effects as these under his ministry in repeated instances. By this sword the man himself lives, and by it he destroys his enemies. We receive grace, improve grace, retain grace, that we may obtain eternal glory. In Dr. Dodd's collections we find the following: -. The centurion seems to speak a similar language, Luke 7:7; : But say in a word, (αλλα ειπε λογῳ, speak to thy word), and my servant shall be healed." Their minds had been debased by their Egyptian bondage, and they scarcely ever arose to a state of mental nobility. Hebrews 4 Commentary; Hebrews 4 Commentary - Less Greek; JOSEPH BENSON. (Hebrews Commentary online) Hebrews 4:16-note Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need. The Son is characterized by a seven-fold description (verses 1-4), which is then buttressed by citations from Old Testament texts (verses 5-14). Mr. Wesley's note on this verse is expressed with his usual precision and accuracy: -, "For the word of God - preached, Hebrews 4:2, and armed with threatenings, Hebrews 4:3, is living and powerful - attended with the power of the living God, and conveying either life or death to the hearers; sharper than any two-edged sword - penetrating the heart more than this does the body; piercing quite through, and laying open, the soul and spirit, joints and marrow - the inmost recesses of the mind, which the apostle beautifully and strongly expresses by this heap of figurative words; and is a discerner, not only of the thoughts, but also of the intentions.". The second lesson for today reminds us, however — as does the Gospel text — that the nativity is set within a larger story of mind-boggling scope. They spoke evil of the pleasant land, and did not give credence to his word. 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